Foreign Direct Investment in the Financial Sector: The Engine of Growth for Central and Eastern Europe?

Vienna University of Economics and B.A., Europainstitut Working Papers No. 69

60 Pages Posted: 17 Jan 2006 Last revised: 10 Feb 2011

See all articles by Markus Eller

Markus Eller

Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB)

Peter R. Haiss

WU Vienna University of Economics and Business; UniCredit Bank Austria; IES Vienna - Institute for the International Education of Students

Katharina Steiner

Oesterreichsiche Nationalbank (OeNB)

Date Written: December 1, 2005

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of financial sector foreign direct investment (FSFDI) on economic growth by estimating a panel data model for 11 Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) between 1996 and 2003 in a cross-country growth accounting framework. The analysis concentrates on the efficiency channel linking FSFDI to economic growth. The results clearly indicate that there can be a relationship between FSFDI and economic growth. Approaching a medium degree of financial M&A is rewarded by higher economic growth after two periods. Beyond it, FSFDI seems to spur economic growth depending on a higher human capital stock. FSFDI-induced knowledge-spillovers to domestic banks can be an explanation for this phenomenon. Above a certain threshold, the crowding-out of local physical capital caused by the entry of a foreign bank seems to hamper economic growth. The value of the paper lies in (1) providing novel data on FSFDI in CEECs, (2) analyzing the impact of FDI on a sectoral level and (3) in modeling the hitherto only qualitatively discussed relationship between foreign banks and economic development into a structural, econometric model that combines two streams of economic research: the FDI-growth-literature and the finance-growth-literature.

Keywords: financial sector foreign direct investment, economic growth, financial economics, transitional economies, panel data analysis

JEL Classification: C23, E22, E44, F15, F23, F36, G15, G21, G34, M16, O11, O12, O16, O57, P2, P34

Suggested Citation

Eller, Markus and Haiss, Peter R. and Steiner, Katharina, Foreign Direct Investment in the Financial Sector: The Engine of Growth for Central and Eastern Europe? (December 1, 2005). Vienna University of Economics and B.A., Europainstitut Working Papers No. 69, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=875614 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.875614

Markus Eller (Contact Author)

Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB) ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://www.oenb.at/en/Monetary-Policy/Research/Researchers/Markus-Eller.html

Peter R. Haiss

WU Vienna University of Economics and Business ( email )

Institute for Production Management
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UniCredit Bank Austria ( email )

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Austria
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++43-(0)50505 89 44214 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.bankaustria.com

IES Vienna - Institute for the International Education of Students

Johannesgasse 7
Vienna, A-1010
Austria

Katharina Steiner

Oesterreichsiche Nationalbank (OeNB) ( email )

Otto-Wagner-Platz 3, PO Box 61
Vienna, A-1011
Austria

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