The Compelling Effects of Compulsory Schooling: Evidence from Canada

31 Pages Posted: 8 May 2006

See all articles by Philip Oreopoulos

Philip Oreopoulos

University of Toronto - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR)

Abstract

Compulsory school laws have existed for more than a hundred years, and policies to mandate further education continue to be discussed. The implications of these laws, however, are not well understood. Historical changes to compulsory schooling in Canada permit an examination of their effects on would-be-dropouts under very different circumstances than those during changes in other countries. Mandating education substantially increased adult income and substantially decreased the likelihood of being below the low-income cut-off unemployed, and in a manual occupation. These findings suggest significant gains from this legislation, which seem unlikely offset by the costs incurred while having to remain in school.

Suggested Citation

Oreopoulos, Philip, The Compelling Effects of Compulsory Schooling: Evidence from Canada. Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 22-52, February 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=877349 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0008-4085.2006.00337.x

Philip Oreopoulos (Contact Author)

University of Toronto - Department of Economics ( email )

150 St. George Street
Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G7
Canada

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR)

180 Dundas Street West, Suite 1400
Toronto, Ontario
Canada

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