When Does Culture Matter? Effects of Personal Knowledge on the Correction of Culture-Based Judgments
Journal of Marketing Research, 2006
45 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2006
Four experiments demonstrate that culture-based differences in persuasion arise when information is processed in a cursory, spontaneous manner, but dissipate when one's intuitions are supplemented by more deliberative processing. North Americans are more persuaded by promotion-focused information, and Chinese individuals are more persuaded by prevention - focused information - but only when initial, automatic reactions to messages are given. Corrections to these default judgments occur when processing is thoughtful. These results underscore the idea that culture does not exert a constant, unwavering effect on consumer judgments. One key factor in determining whether culture-based effects loom large or fade is the extent to which cultural versus more personal knowledge is drawn upon when forming judgments.
Keywords: culture, regulatory focus, promotion, prevention, decision making
JEL Classification: M31, M37
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation