The Levy Economics Institute's Working Paper Series No. 436
30 Pages Posted: 26 Jan 2006
Date Written: January 2006
This study investigates the impact of increased import competition on gender wage and employment differentials in U.S. manufacturing over the period from 1976 to 1993. Increased import competition is expected to decrease the relative demand for workers in low-wage production occupations and the relative demand for women workers, given the high female share in these occupations. The findings support this hypothesis. Disproportionate job losses for women in low-wage production occupations was associated with rising imports in U.S. manufacturing over this period, and as low-wage women lost their jobs, the average wage of the remaining women in the study increased, thereby narrowing the gender wage gap.
Keywords: gender wage gap, discrimination, international trade, U.S. manufacturing
JEL Classification: F14, J31, J71
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Kongar, Ebru, Importing Equality or Exporting Jobs? Competition and Gender Wage and Employment Differentials in U.S. Manufacturing (January 2006). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=878123 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.878123