Importing Equality or Exporting Jobs? Competition and Gender Wage and Employment Differentials in U.S. Manufacturing

The Levy Economics Institute's Working Paper Series No. 436

30 Pages Posted: 26 Jan 2006  

Ebru Kongar

Dickinson College - Department of Economics

Date Written: January 2006

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of increased import competition on gender wage and employment differentials in U.S. manufacturing over the period from 1976 to 1993. Increased import competition is expected to decrease the relative demand for workers in low-wage production occupations and the relative demand for women workers, given the high female share in these occupations. The findings support this hypothesis. Disproportionate job losses for women in low-wage production occupations was associated with rising imports in U.S. manufacturing over this period, and as low-wage women lost their jobs, the average wage of the remaining women in the study increased, thereby narrowing the gender wage gap.

Keywords: gender wage gap, discrimination, international trade, U.S. manufacturing

JEL Classification: F14, J31, J71

Suggested Citation

Kongar, Ebru, Importing Equality or Exporting Jobs? Competition and Gender Wage and Employment Differentials in U.S. Manufacturing (January 2006). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=878123 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.878123

Ebru Kongar (Contact Author)

Dickinson College - Department of Economics ( email )

Carlisle, PA 17013
United States

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