Household Food Security in the United States, 2004

65 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2006

See all articles by Mark Nord

Mark Nord

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Margaret Andrews

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Steven Carlson

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Date Written: October 2005

Abstract

Eighty-eight percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year in 2004, meaning that they had access, at all times, to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. The remaining households were food insecure at least some time during that year. The prevalence of food insecurity rose from 11.2 percent of households in 2003 to 11.9 percent in 2004, and the prevalence of food insecurity with hunger rose from 3.5 percent to 3.9 percent. This report, based on data from the December 2004 food security survey, provides the most recent statistics on the food security of U.S. households, as well as on how much they spent for food and the extent to which food-insecure households participated in Federal and community food assistance programs. Survey responses indicate that the typical food-secure household in the United States spent 31 percent more on food than the typical food-insecure household of the same size and household composition. Just over half of all food-insecure households participated in one or more of the three largest Federal food assistance programs during the month prior to the survey. About 20 percent of Food-insecure households - 3.5 percent of all U.S. households - obtained emergency food from a food pantry at some time during the year.

Keywords: Food security, food insecurity, hunger, food spending, food pantry, soup kitchen, emergency kitchen, material well-being, Food Stamp Program, National School Lunch Program, WIC

Suggested Citation

Nord, Mark and Andrews, Margaret and Carlson, Steven, Household Food Security in the United States, 2004 (October 2005). USDA-ERS Economic Research Report No. 11. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=878333 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.878333

Mark Nord (Contact Author)

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
202-694-5433 (Phone)

Margaret Andrews

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
202-694-5441 (Phone)

Steven Carlson

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States

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