Residential Segregation Influences on the Likelihood of Black and White Self-Employment
29 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2006 Last revised: 29 Aug 2010
This paper estimates a model of potential to enter self-employment based on individual, household and community-level factors. This paper focuses on the impact of segregation on the likelihood of black and white working-age adults to be self-employed workers rather than wage or salary workers. A multilevel analysis combined answers of over 400,000 respondents to the 1990 and 2000 Integrated Public Use Micro Sample (IPUMS) [Ruggles, S., Sobek, M.,Alexander, T., Fitch, C.,Goeken, R.,Hall, P.,King, M.,Ronnander, C., 2004. Integrated Public UseMicrodata Series: Version 3.0 [Machine-readable database]. Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], Minneapolis, MN] with structural measures from 327 metropolitan areas from the U.S.Census Bureau's Housing Patterns files [Iceland, J.,Weinberg, D., Steinmetz, E., 2002. Racial and ethnic residential segregation in the United States, 1980-2000. Special Report Series, CENSR no.3, U.S. Census Bureau,Washington, DC] to test the influence of each segregation process. The two residential segregation processes (relative clustering and exposure) were found to limit and enhance potential entry into self-employment, but in unique ways for each group.
Keywords: segregation, self-employment, urban areas, racial groups
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