Employee Primacy, or Economics Meets Civic Republicanism at Work
85 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2006
Date Written: January 27, 2006
This paper argues for employee primacy in corporate governance. "Employee primacy" has two elements: ultimate employee control over the corporation, and an objective function of maximizing employee welfare. In methodology, the argument draws upon both economics, but understood more broadly than in most corporate law scholarship, and upon civic republican ideas. The paper presents four different arguments favoring employee primacy. (1) Employee primacy is likely to create the most surplus within the corporation due to incentive effects and the wealth of information that employees possess. (2) Corporations characterized by employee primacy are more likely to be socially responsible, and hence generate fewer negative externalities, than corporations characterized by shareholder primacy. (3) Employee primacy will lead to a more egalitarian distribution of wealth and political power. (4) Employee primacy will produce citizens better fit to participate within a political democracy.
Keywords: shareholder primacy, employee primacy, law and economics, civic republicanism, theory of the firm, corporate social responsibility, redistribution, endogenous preferences
JEL Classification: D21, D60, G30, J54, K22, L21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation