Exchange Rates in Central Europe: A Blessing or a Curse?

29 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2006

See all articles by Alain Borghijs

Alain Borghijs

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Louis Kuijs

International Monetary Fund (IMF); World Bank

Date Written: January 2004


Central European accession countries (CECs) are currently considering when to adopt the euro. From the perspective of macroeconomic stabilization, the cost or benefit of giving up a flexible exchange rate depends on the types of asymmetric shocks hitting the economy and the ability of the exchange rate to act as a shock absorber. Economic theory suggests that flexible exchange rates are useful in absorbing asymmetric real shocks but unhelpful in the case of monetary and financial shocks. For five CECsthe Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, the Slovak Republic, and Sloveniaempirical results on the basis of a structural VAR suggest that in the CECs the exchange rate appears to have served as much or more as an unhelpful propagator of monetary and financial shocks than as a useful absorber of real shocks.

Keywords: Exchange rates, structural VAR, accession, CECs

JEL Classification: C32, F31, F33

Suggested Citation

Borghijs, Alain and Kuijs, Louis and Kuijs, Louis, Exchange Rates in Central Europe: A Blessing or a Curse? (January 2004). IMF Working Paper No. 04/2, Available at SSRN:

Alain Borghijs (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Louis Kuijs

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States

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