Currency Crises and Uncertainty About Fundamentals
46 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2006
Date Written: January 2002
This paper studies how uncertainty about fundamentals contributed to currency crises from both a theoretical and an empirical perspective. We find evidence - based on a monthly dataset of Consensus forecasts for six Asian countries in the period January 1995-May 2001 - confirming the theoretical predictions (from both unique- and multiple-equilibria models) that: (i) speculative attacks depend not only on actual and expected fundamentals but also on the variance of speculators` expectations about them; and (ii) the sign of the effect of the variance depends on whether expected fundamentals are good or bad. These results are robust to the definition of exchange rate pressure indices, the estimation sample (precrisis vs. full sample), the method chosen to avoid spurious correlations, and possible time-varying coefficients for the mean, the variance, and the threshold separating good from bad expected fundamentals.
Keywords: Speculative attack, exchange rate crisis, public and private information
JEL Classification: F31, D84, D82
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation