Vivat, Cvat and All that: New Forms of Value-Added Tax for Federal Systems

20 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2006

See all articles by Michael Keen

Michael Keen

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Fiscal Affairs Department; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

Date Written: April 2000

Abstract

Conventional wisdom has it that the value-added tax is not a suitable instrument for lower-level jurisdictions ('provinces') in a federal system. The problems that arise when it is so used have become a serious constraint on the development of the VAT - and closer economic integration - in Brazil, the EU, India and elsewhere. This paper describes and compares two recent proposals for forms of VAT intended to alleviate these difficulties: the VIVAT and the CVAT. Both enable the VAT chain to be preserved on inter-provincial trade without compromising the destination principle (allowing provinces to tax consumption at different rates) or introducing new scope for game-playing by the provinces. The key difference between them is that the CVAT requires sellers to discriminate between buyers located in different provinces of the federation, whereas VIVAT requires them to discriminate between registered and non-registered buyers. Where the balance of advantage between the two lies is not entirely obvious.

Keywords: Value added tax, Fiscal Federalism

JEL Classification: H20, H71

Suggested Citation

Keen, Michael, Vivat, Cvat and All that: New Forms of Value-Added Tax for Federal Systems (April 2000). IMF Working Paper No. 00/83. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=879610

Michael Keen (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Fiscal Affairs Department ( email )

700 19th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.CESifo.de

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

7 Ridgmount Street
London, WC1E 7AE
United Kingdom

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