Sex Discrimination and Growth

37 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2006

See all articles by Berta Esteve-Volart

Berta Esteve-Volart

York University - Department of Economics

Date Written: April 2000


This paper argues that sex discrimination is an inefficient practice. We model sex discrimination as the complete exclusion of females from the labor market or as the exclusion of females from managerial positions. The former implies a reduction in GDP per capita; the latter distorts the allocation of talent and lowers economic growth. Both imply lower female-to-male schooling ratios. Our model predicts a convex relationship between nondiscrimination and growth. Although discrimination is difficult to measure, it will be reflected in schooling differentials. We present evidence based on cross-country regressions that is consistent with a convex relationship between schooling differentials and growth.

JEL Classification: O41, J24, J16

Suggested Citation

Esteve-Volart, Berta, Sex Discrimination and Growth (April 2000). IMF Working Paper No. 00/84, Available at SSRN:

Berta Esteve-Volart (Contact Author)

York University - Department of Economics ( email )

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Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3