When is Economic Growth Pro-Poor? Experiences in Malaysia and Pakistan

43 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2006

Date Written: May 2002

Abstract

This paper focuses on two central issues related to the contrasting experiences of Malaysia and Pakistan regarding poverty reduction. First, it examines the structure of economic growth and its proximate determinants in the two countries, including the initial conditions, institutional changes, and macroeconomic policies. Second, it analyzes the links between economic growth and poverty reduction, particularly focusing on public policy mechanisms to reduce poverty and inequality. Malaysia, unlike Pakistan, was able to sustain rapid economic growth with equally impressive reduction in poverty because the governments included the poverty reduction goal in national development plans and pursued policies consistent with the twin goals.

Keywords: Economic Growth, Poverty, Malaysia, Pakistan

JEL Classification: 01, 02, 05

Suggested Citation

Khan, Mahmood Hasan, When is Economic Growth Pro-Poor? Experiences in Malaysia and Pakistan (May 2002). IMF Working Paper No. 02/85, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=879618

Mahmood Hasan Khan (Contact Author)

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