The Timing of National Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions in the Presence of Other Environmental Policies
27 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2006
Date Written: January 2006
This paper shows in an empirical context that substantial cost reductions can be achieved in the implementation of Dutch national climate policy by (i) targeting the policy at the stock of greenhouse gases, thus allowing polluters flexibility in their timing of emission reductions; and (ii) integrating climate policy with other policies, thereby optimising the restructuring of the economy needed to achieve environmental policy targets. A dynamic applied general equilibrium model with bottom-up information on abatement techniques is used to show that the optimal timing of GHG emission reductions tends to follow the timing for the other environmental themes with an additional emphasis on emission reductions in the later periods. The optimal mix of technical measures and economic restructuring as source of emission reductions is affected by the strictness of environmental policy targets for all themes and hence can only be derived from an integrated analysis of these policies.
Keywords: Economic growth, Applied general equilibrium model, Climate change, Environmental policy
JEL Classification: D58, H23, O41, Q28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation