Corruption Around the World: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

39 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2006

See all articles by Vito Tanzi

Vito Tanzi

International Monetary Fund (IMF); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: May 1998


Corruption is attracting a lot of attention around the world. The paper surveys and discusses issues related to the causes, consequences, and scope of corruption and possible corrective actions. It emphasizes the costs of corruption in terms of economic growth. It also emphasizes that the fight against corruption may not be cheap and cannot be independent from the reform of the state. If certain reforms are not made, corruption is likely to continue to be a problem regardless of actions directly aimed at curtailing it.

Keywords: Corruption, role of state, regulations

JEL Classification: E62, H1, H3, K4, N4

Suggested Citation

Tanzi, Vito, Corruption Around the World: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures (May 1998). IMF Working Paper, Vol. , pp. 1-39, 1998. Available at SSRN:

Vito Tanzi (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street NW
Tax Policy Division Fiscal Affairs Department
Washington, DC 20431
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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