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Sustainable Capitalism or Ethical Transnationalism: Off-Shore Production and Economic Development

Journal of Asian Economics, 2006

San Diego Legal Studies Paper No. 07-35

8 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 2006  

Orly Lobel

University of San Diego School of Law

Abstract

Multinational firms are increasingly facing pressures from consumer groups and activists to become more socially responsible. These pressures include calls for more environmentally safe production, improved labor conditions, and fair trade among transnational subsidiaries. While some describe the effects of globalization and the Consumer Social Responsibility (CSR) movement as ratcheting up transnational social standards, others claim that these efforts merely serve as a legitimizing mechanism of global capitalism, which sustains unequal distributional effects under the rhetoric of human rights. By tracing CSR activism surrounding the apparel industry (focused on Nike) and the mass-retail industry (focusing on Wal-Mart), this article offers a more nuanced analysis of recent developments in the quest for socially and environmentally responsible global production.

Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, Labor Markets and Globalization, MNCs

JEL Classification: J8, K2, L5, O2

Suggested Citation

Lobel, Orly, Sustainable Capitalism or Ethical Transnationalism: Off-Shore Production and Economic Development. Journal of Asian Economics, 2006; San Diego Legal Studies Paper No. 07-35. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=882502

Orly Lobel (Contact Author)

University of San Diego School of Law ( email )

5998 Alcala Park
San Diego, CA 92110-2492
United States

HOME PAGE: http://home.sandiego.edu/%7Elobel/

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