Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing

16 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2006

See all articles by Efraim Sadka

Efraim Sadka

Tel Aviv University - Eitan Berglas School of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Vito Tanzi

International Monetary Fund (IMF); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: September 1998

Abstract

The implication of increasing dependency ratios for pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension programs are examined. Modifications aimed at smoothing contributions while maintaining benefits intact are analyzed for both open and closed economies.

Keywords: Dependency ratios, a pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension, fully funded, defined-contribution pension, tax smoothing, real exchange rate risk

JEL Classification: H2, F3, J1

Suggested Citation

Sadka, Efraim and Tanzi, Vito, Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing (September 1998). IMF Working Paper, Vol. , pp. 1-16, 1998. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=882682

Efraim Sadka (Contact Author)

Tel Aviv University - Eitan Berglas School of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 39040
Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, 69978
Israel
+972 3 640 9712 (Phone)
+972 3 642 8074 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.CESifo.de

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Vito Tanzi

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street NW
Tax Policy Division Fiscal Affairs Department
Washington, DC 20431
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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