Policy Towards Commodity Shocks in Developing Countries

22 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2006

See all articles by Jan Willem Gunning

Jan Willem Gunning

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics; Tinbergen Institute; Tinbergen Institute - Tinbergen Institute Amsterdam (TIA)

Date Written: August 1996

Abstract

On the basis of a comparative study of 23 episodes involving commodity price shocks we find that both the public and private sectors typically save around half of a windfall gain resulting from a price rise. We argue that private windfalls should be left with the private sector rather than taxed. The focus of policy towards windfalls should be monetary rather than fiscal. The central bank should accommodate aggregate changes in the demand for financial assets. The private sector will initially wish to increase its claims on the central bank as it saves the windfall, but will then reduce them as portfolios are switched into real assets.

JEL Classification: 011, 013, 023, 057

Suggested Citation

Gunning, Jan Willem, Policy Towards Commodity Shocks in Developing Countries (August 1996). IMF Working Paper, Vol. , pp. 1-22, 1996. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=882980

Jan Willem Gunning

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, 1081HV
Netherlands
+ 310 20 444 6141 (Phone)
+ 310 20 444 6004 (Fax)

Tinbergen Institute ( email )

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

Tinbergen Institute - Tinbergen Institute Amsterdam (TIA) ( email )

Gustav Mahlerplein 117
Amsterdam, 1082 MS
Netherlands

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