The Dynamic Macroeconomic Effects of Tax Policy in an Overlapping Generations Model

29 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2006

See all articles by Ben J. Heijdra

Ben J. Heijdra

University of Groningen - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Jenny E. Ligthart

Tilburg University - CentER, Department of Economics; University of Groningen - Faculty of Economics and Business; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Date Written: December 1998

Abstract

The paper studies the dynamic allocation effects of tax policy in the context of an overlapping generations model of the Blanchard-Yaari type. The model is extended to allow for endogenous labor supply and three tax instruments: a capital income tax, labor income tax, and consumption tax. Analytical expressions and simple diagrams are used to discuss the impact, transition, and long-run effects of tax policy changes. It is shown that a part of the long-run incidence of capital and consumption taxes falls on capital when households` horizons are finite, whereas labor would fully bear the burden of these taxes in an infinite horizon model.

Keywords: Blanchard model, intertemporal labor supply, overlapping generations, tax incidence, tax policy

JEL Classification: D60, H23, H63

Suggested Citation

Heijdra, Ben J. and Ligthart, Jenny E., The Dynamic Macroeconomic Effects of Tax Policy in an Overlapping Generations Model (December 1998). IMF Working Paper, Vol. , pp. 1-29, 1998. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=883938

Ben J. Heijdra (Contact Author)

University of Groningen - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 800
9700 AV Groningen
Netherlands
+31 50 363 7303 (Phone)
+31 50 363 7337 (Fax)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Jenny E. Ligthart

Tilburg University - CentER, Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands
+31 13 466 8755 (Phone)
+31 13 466 4032 (Fax)

University of Groningen - Faculty of Economics and Business ( email )

Postbus 72
9700 AB Groningen
Netherlands

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

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