Globalization and Risk Sharing

36 Pages Posted: 25 Feb 2006

See all articles by Fernando Broner

Fernando Broner

CREI; Barcelona GSE; Universitat Pompeu Fabra; CEPR

Jaume Ventura

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Centre de Recerca en Economia Internacional (CREI); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: October 2005

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to study the effects of globalization on risk sharing. We consider risk sharing with respect to both individual shocks - or domestic risk sharing - and to regional shocks - or international risk sharing. We adopt a technological view of globalization, which consists of an exogenous increase in the fraction of goods that can be traded internationally. Risk sharing takes place via financial markets where agents trade securities issued by every other agent in the world. In the absence of frictions, we show how globalization creates trade opportunities among residents of different regions of the world, thereby raising welfare. In the presence of sovereign risk, however, there emerge two crucial interactions between trade among residents within a region and trade among residents of different regions. First, the more residents within a region trade with each other, the more they can trade with residents of other regions. Second, the possibility of trade with residents of other regions sometimes leads a government to not enforce payments by its residents, destroying trade opportunities among residents within the region. The net effect on risk sharing of this process of creation and destruction of trade opportunities is ambiguous.

Keywords: globalization, risk sharing, sovereign risk, domestic markets, international markets

JEL Classification: F34, F36, G15

Suggested Citation

Broner, Fernando and Ventura, Jaume, Globalization and Risk Sharing (October 2005). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=884385 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.884385

Fernando Broner (Contact Author)

CREI ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
+34 93 542 2601 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.crei.cat/people/broner

Barcelona GSE

Ramon Trias Fargas 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
+34 93 542 2601 (Phone)

Universitat Pompeu Fabra ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain
+34 93 542 2601 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.crei.cat/people/broner

CEPR ( email )

London
United Kingdom
+34 93 542 2601 (Phone)

Jaume Ventura

Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Centre de Recerca en Economia Internacional (CREI) ( email )

Ramon Trias Fargas, 25-27
Barcelona, 08005
Spain

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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