Output Fluctuations and Monetary Shocks: Evidence from Colombia

34 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2006

See all articles by Carmen M. Reinhart

Carmen M. Reinhart

Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Vincent R. Reinhart

American Enterprise Institute (AEI)

Date Written: March 1991

Abstract

Using annual data for Colombia over the last thirty years and a new battery of econometric techniques, we test opposing theories that explain macroeconomic fluctuations: The neoclassical synthesis, which posits that, in the presence of temporary price rigidity, an unanticipated monetary expansion produces output gains that erode over time with increases in the price level; and an alternative explanation, which focuses on "real" technological or preference shocks as the sources of output changes. The coefficients from these systems are used to examine two basic propositions: the long-run neutrality of nominal quantities with respect to permanent movements in the money stock; and the short-run sensitivity of output to inflation.

JEL Classification: E 3

Suggested Citation

Reinhart, Carmen M. and Reinhart, Vincent R., Output Fluctuations and Monetary Shocks: Evidence from Colombia (March 1991). IMF Working Paper, Vol. , pp. 1-34, 1991. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=884732

Carmen M. Reinhart (Contact Author)

Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics ( email )

1750 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Vincent R. Reinhart

American Enterprise Institute (AEI) ( email )

1150 17th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20036
United States

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