Investment, Openness and Country Risk

26 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2006

See all articles by Joshua Aizenman

Joshua Aizenman

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: October 22, 1987


The purpose of this study is to draw attention to the linkages between country risk and the openness of an economy, and to demonstrate that in the long run the openness of an economy is endogenously determined by the interaction between endowments and policies. The presence of country risk poses a problem for the smooth operation of international credit markets: the ex-ante first best policy is for countries to pre-commit themselves to no-default policies. Such a commitment, however, may not be credible because it may not be the optimal ex-post policy. This suggests a special role for policies leading towards investment in openness - as a way to increase the credibility of a no-default commitment. The paper studies the optimal implementation of these policies.

JEL Classification: 400

Suggested Citation

Aizenman, Joshua, Investment, Openness and Country Risk (October 22, 1987). IMF Working Paper No. 87/72. Available at SSRN:

Joshua Aizenman (Contact Author)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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