The EU and NATO: Two Competing Models for a Common Defence Policy

20 Pages Posted: 8 May 2006

See all articles by Hanna Ojanen

Hanna Ojanen

Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA)


European integration in security and defence was for a long time seen as impossible or at least highly unlikely. Even otherwise contradictory theories of European integration shared the assumption that the specific character of this field explained the absence of integration. Recent developments challenge this assumption. Maintaining instead that security and defence are amenable to integration, one can, drawing from the same integration theories, see two alternative models of a common defence policy emerging. A wholly new type of supranational defence may become reality within the EU, possibly challenged by the EU's close co-operation, or 'fusion', with the intergovernmentalism of Nato.

Suggested Citation

Ojanen, Hanna, The EU and NATO: Two Competing Models for a Common Defence Policy. Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 57-76, March 2006. Available at SSRN: or

Hanna Ojanen (Contact Author)

Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) ( email )

c/o Embassy of Finland
Box 443
Pretoria 0001
South Africa
+358 (9) 4342 0724 (Phone)
+358 (9) 4342 0769 (Fax)

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