23 Pages Posted: 3 Mar 2006
This discussion of developments concerning "electronic government" or "e-government" is the U.S. country report on the topic for the Seventeenth International Congress of Comparative Law. The report concerns the legal issues raised in the United States, especially at the level of the federal government, in connection with the use of informational and computer technology (ICT), principally computers and the Internet, to facilitate interaction between citizen and public official. The article proposes a set of terms to describe the chief types of e-government and uses that typology to analyze some of the chief legal issues that have emerged. The article focuses on three main types of problems: (1) security and privacy issues in connection with online filing of court documents, an example of the combination of "e-publication" and "e-filing" that either alone or together appear to account for the most common forms of e-government; (2) electronic filing of comments in notice and comment rulemaking ("e-rulemaking") and its potential to reinvigorate democracy; and (3) governmental abuse of its powers to use electronic technology to engage in surveillance ("e-surveillance") of its own citizens.
Keywords: computers, Internet, ICT, e-government, privacy, electronic rulemaking, e-rulemaking, electronic surveillance, e-surveillance
JEL Classification: K23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation