Regulating Executive Remuneration: International Developments in the Post-Scandal Era
European Company Law, Vol. 3, p. 64, 2006
30 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2006
The problem of executive compensation was an underlying theme in international corporate scandals epitomized by Enron in the US, Parmalat and Vivendi in Europe, and One.Tel in Australia. There has been a wide array of regulatory responses to these scandals across jurisdictions, with varying degrees of attention paid to the issue of executive pay.
This article examines recent international responses regarding executive pay through the lens of regulatory and governance strategies, based on the typology developed in Kraakman et al, The Anatomy of Corporate Law: A Comparative and Functional Approach (2004). Specific reforms and developments discussed in the article include: enhanced compensation disclosure; increased shareholder participation; and judicial review of board decisions about executive pay in cases such as the 2005 Disney decision in the US and the Mannesmann trial in Germany.
These regulatory developments concerning executive pay are also interesting from the perspective of the convergence/persistence debate in comparative corporate governance. They show that major international scandals of this kind may generate new divergence in laws across jurisdictions.
Keywords: Executive compensation, remuneration, shareholders, directors, disclosure, directors' duties, comparative corporate governance, corporate scandals, regulation, Disney, Mannesmann
JEL Classification: G30, G34, J33, K22, K33, K40, M14, M52, 016
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