Democratic Aid and the Democratization of Recipients

51 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2006 Last revised: 10 Jan 2009

See all articles by Sarantis C. Kalyvitis

Sarantis C. Kalyvitis

Athens University of Economics and Business - Department of International and European Economic Studies

Irene Vlachaki

Athens University of Economics and Business - Department of International and European Economic Studies

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Date Written: October 6, 2008

Abstract

We investigate whether democracy aid flows, which are directed towards the democratization of recipients by covering democracy-related programs and government and civil society activities, affect the future political regime of recipient countries. We introduce a multinomial multivariate logit model and we use 5-year averaged data covering the period 1972-2004 for 59 democracy-aid recipient countries categorized into three broad classes according to the prevalent political regime. We find strong evidence that democracy aid flows are positively associated with the likelihood of observing a partly-democratic or a fully-democratic political regime in recipient countries and that this result is robust to the potential endogeneity of democracy assistance. We also find some evidence that democracy aid works better jointly with economic liberalization.

Keywords: democratization, democracy aid, multinomial logit, endogeneity

JEL Classification: D70, F35, C25

Suggested Citation

Kalyvitis, Sarantis C. and Vlachaki, Irene, Democratic Aid and the Democratization of Recipients (October 6, 2008). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=888262 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.888262

Sarantis C. Kalyvitis (Contact Author)

Athens University of Economics and Business - Department of International and European Economic Studies ( email )

Patission Str 76
GR-10434 Athens
Greece

Irene Vlachaki

Athens University of Economics and Business - Department of International and European Economic Studies ( email )

76 Patission Street
Athens, 104 34
Greece

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