Economic, Demographic and Political Determinants of Pollution Reassessed: A Sensitivity Analysis

42 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2006  

Martin Gassebner

ETH Zurich - KOF Swiss Economic Institute; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Michael J. Lamla

ETH Zurich - KOF Swiss Economic Institute; University of Essex

Jan-Egbert Sturm

KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Date Written: April 2006

Abstract

Recent literature proposes many variables as significant determinants of pollution. This paper gives an overview of this literature and asks which of these factors have an empirically robust impact on water and air pollution, i.e., do not depend upon the conditioning information set. For this, we apply Extreme Bound Analysis (EBA) on a panel of 208 countries covering the period 1960-2001. We find supportive evidence of the existence of the environmental Kuznets curve. Furthermore, mainly demographic variables and variables capturing the economic structure of a country contribute to explaining air and water pollution.

Keywords: pollution, environment, sensitivity analysis, environmental Kuznets

JEL Classification: C52, F18, L60, O13, Q53

Suggested Citation

Gassebner, Martin and Lamla, Michael J. and Sturm, Jan-Egbert, Economic, Demographic and Political Determinants of Pollution Reassessed: A Sensitivity Analysis (April 2006). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 1699. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=888503

Martin Gassebner (Contact Author)

ETH Zurich - KOF Swiss Economic Institute ( email )

Weinbergstrasse 35
Zurich, 8092
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://www.kof.ethz.ch/chair/

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Michael J. Lamla

ETH Zurich - KOF Swiss Economic Institute ( email )

Zurich
Switzerland

University of Essex ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester, CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

Jan-Egbert Sturm

KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich ( email )

Zurich
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://www.kof.ethz.ch

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, 81679
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.cesifo.de

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