Risk and Return in the U.S. Housing Market: A Cross-Sectional Asset Pricing Approach
Real Estate Economics, Vol. 34, No. 4, pp. 519-552, 2006
34 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2006 Last revised: 28 Mar 2011
This paper carries out an asset-pricing analysis of the U.S. metropolitan housing market. We use zip code level housing data to study the cross-sectional role of volatility, price level, stock market risk and idiosyncratic volatility in explaining housing returns. While the related literature tends to focus on the dynamic role of volatility and housing returns within submarkets over time, our risk-return analysis is cross-sectional and covers the national U.S. metropolitan housing market.
The study provides a number of important findings on the asset-pricing features of the U.S. housing market. Specifically, we find i) a positive relation between housing returns and volatility with returns rising by 2.48% annually for a 10% rise in volatility, ii) a positive but diminishing price effect on returns, iii) that stock market risk is priced directionally in the housing market and iv) idiosyncratic volatility is priced in housing returns. Our results on the return-volatility-price relation are robust to i) MSA (metropolitan statistical area) clustering effects and ii) differences in socioeconomic characteristics among submarkets related to income, employment rate, managerial employment, owner occupied housing, gross rent and population density.
Keywords: housing submarkets, asset-pricing, volatility, CAPM, Fama-French
JEL Classification: G12, G1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation