Economic Liberalization & Wage Inequality in India

49 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2006

See all articles by Rubiana M. Chamarbagwala

Rubiana M. Chamarbagwala

Indiana University Bloomington - Department of Economics


We investigate India's widening skill wage gap and narrowing gender wage differential during the two decades that coincide with economic liberalization in the country. Using the non-parametric methodology developed by Katz & Murphy (1992), we find that relative demand shifts contributed to relative wage shifts and that increases in the demand for skilled labor were mostly due to skill upgrading within industries. In assessing the contribution of external sector reforms to demand for skilled labor, we find that international trade in manufactures benefited skilled men but hurt skilled women whereas outsourcing of services generated demand for both female and male college graduates.

Keywords: Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Education, Wages, Asia, India

JEL Classification: F16, J24, J31

Suggested Citation

Chamarbagwala, Rubiana M., Economic Liberalization & Wage Inequality in India. World Development, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: or

Rubiana M. Chamarbagwala (Contact Author)

Indiana University Bloomington - Department of Economics ( email )

Wylie Hall
Bloomington, IN 47405-6620
United States

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