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The Container Security Initiative and Ocean Container Threats

Public Policy Institute of California Working Paper No. 2006.04

Posted: 14 Mar 2006  

Jon Haveman

Public Policy Institute of California

Ethan Jennings

University of California, Berkeley - The Richard & Rhoda Goldman School of Public Policy; Public Policy Institute of California

Howard J. Shatz

RAND Corporation

Greg C Wright

University of California, Merced

Date Written: February 2006

Abstract

Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, U.S. policymakers and their international counterparts quickly devised new programs for protecting seaports and the maritime supply chain. This paper focuses on one such program, the U.S. Container Security Initiative, which screens and inspects U.S.-bound ocean shipping containers at foreign ports. Calculations based on trade data and CSI program information make it clear that the program has expanded rapidly and now covers about two-thirds of all U.S. containerized imports. However, the United States continues to receive containers from many foreign ports that are not participating in the CSI program and likely will never participate. In addition, CSI coverage of imports from countries that could reasonably be considered potential sources of terrorist activity is lower than overall CSI coverage. U.S. security planners can strengthen the effectiveness of the program by focusing on regions from which dangerous containers might arrive, and on shipping routes that terrorists might use.

Keywords: CSI, Port Security, Terrorism, Ocean Containers

JEL Classification: F10, H56, L91

Suggested Citation

Haveman, Jon and Jennings, Ethan and Shatz, Howard J. and Wright, Greg C, The Container Security Initiative and Ocean Container Threats (February 2006). Public Policy Institute of California Working Paper No. 2006.04. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=889469

Jon Haveman

Public Policy Institute of California ( email )

Ethan Jennings

University of California, Berkeley - The Richard & Rhoda Goldman School of Public Policy ( email )

2607 Hearst Avenue
Berkeley, CA 94720-7320
United States
5106439657 (Fax)

Public Policy Institute of California ( email )

500 Washington St.
Ste 800
San Francisco, CA 94111
United States
4152914414 (Phone)
4152914401 (Fax)

Howard J. Shatz (Contact Author)

RAND Corporation

Arlington, VA 22202-5050
United States
(703) 413-1100 (Phone)
(703) 413-8111 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.rand.org

Greg C Wright

University of California, Merced ( email )

P.O. Box 2039
Merced, CA 95344
United States

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