Informal Care and Employment in England: Evidence from the British Household Panel Survey

57 Pages Posted: 13 Mar 2006

See all articles by Axel Heitmueller

Axel Heitmueller

London Business School; Prime Minister's Strategy Unit; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Pierre-Carl Michaud

RAND Corporation; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: March 2006

Abstract

More than 40% of the respondents in the British Household Panel Survey provide informal care at least for one year within the period 1991-2003 and carers are usually less likely to hold simultaneously a paid job. There is little evidence on the mechanism that links informal care provision and labour market outcomes. This paper provides evidence on the pathways through which this pattern arises using a multivariate dynamic panel data model that accounts for state-dependence, feedback effects and correlated unobserved heterogeneity. We find evidence of a causal link from informal care to employment with employment rates reduced by up to 6 percentage points. However, this effect is only found for co-residential carers who account for one third of the population of carers and less than 5 percent of the overall labor force. For the same group, a significantly smaller link from employment to care provision is found. A micro-simulation exercise using the model estimates suggest that the overall potential pressure on the provision of informal care created by a rise in the employment rate is minimal.

Keywords: informal care, employment dynamics, aging, dynamic panel data models

JEL Classification: I0, J2, C3

Suggested Citation

Heitmueller, Axel and Michaud, Pierre-Carl, Informal Care and Employment in England: Evidence from the British Household Panel Survey (March 2006). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2010. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=890291

Axel Heitmueller (Contact Author)

London Business School ( email )

Sussex Place
Regent's Park
London, London NW1 4SA
United Kingdom

Prime Minister's Strategy Unit ( email )

Admiralty Arch
London, SW1A 2WH
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Pierre-Carl Michaud

RAND Corporation ( email )

1776 Main Street
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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