Financial Contracting with Strategic Investors: Evidence from Corporate Venture Capital Backed IPOs
52 Pages Posted: 25 Mar 2008 Last revised: 15 Jan 2013
Date Written: July 10, 2009
We analyze financial contracting in start-ups backed by corporate venture capitalists (CVCs). CVCs' strategic goals can economically hurt or benefit the start-ups, depending on product market relationships between start-ups and CVC parents. Empirically, start-ups receive funding from both complementary and competitive CVC parents. However, start-up insiders commonly limit the influence of competitive CVCs, awarding them lower board power, while retaining higher board representation for themselves. Second, lead CVCs receive lower board representation, indicating heightened concerns about their greater influence in start-ups' early stages. Finally, start-ups extract higher valuations from competitive CVCs, reflecting greater moral hazard problems. Overall, CVC strategic objectives affect their early inclusion in VC syndicates, their control rights and share pricing.
Keywords: Venture Capital, Corporate Venture Capital, Financial Contracting, Strategic Investing, Entrepreneurial Companies
JEL Classification: G24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation