Target Prices, Relative Valuations and the Premium for Liquidity Provision

49 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2006

See all articles by Zhi Da

Zhi Da

University of Notre Dame - Mendoza College of Business

Ernst Schaumburg

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Date Written: February 27, 2006

Abstract

We document that short-run deviations between prices and fundamentals can be identified in real time using equity analysts' target price forecasts. The deviations are economically and statistically significant and of a magnitude not easily explained by transaction costs alone. Our benchmark portfolio of S&P500 stocks, for instance, earned an average risk-adjusted return of 195bps per month during the period 1999-2004. We show that the abnormal return is consistent with a premium required by investors for providing liquidity and is highly correlated with standard cross-sectional measures of liquidity such as the bid-ask spread, price impact and changes in signed trading volume. Our results contribute to the existing literature on analysts' forecasts by pointing out that, while the target price itself need not provide an accurate estimate of true fundamental values, relative valuations of firms within an industry tend to be more precise. This finding is consistent with analysts having skill in analyzing the specifics of individual firms but limited ability to forecast systematic factors driving returns at the sector level.

Keywords: Analyst target prices, liquidity

JEL Classification: G12

Suggested Citation

Da, Zhi and Schaumburg, Ernst, Target Prices, Relative Valuations and the Premium for Liquidity Provision (February 27, 2006). AFA 2007 Chicago Meetings Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=891645 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.891645

Zhi Da

University of Notre Dame - Mendoza College of Business ( email )

Notre Dame, IN 46556-5646
United States

Ernst Schaumburg (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of New York ( email )

33 Liberty Street
New York, NY 10045
United States

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