Congress and Terri Schiavo: A Primer on the American Constitutional Order?
Michael Patrick Allen
Stetson University - College of Law
West Virginia Law Review, Vol. 108, pp. 309-360, 2006
Much of America seemed to be captivated - or horrified - last year by the saga concerning Theresa Marie Schiavo and her approach to the end-of-life. One of the most unusual events in a story filled with them was Congressional passage of Public Law 109-03, An Act for the Relief of the Parents of Theresa Marie Schiavo. The Act, which provided a federal forum to consider the constitutional issues related to the removal of Ms. Schiavo's feeding tube, was widely derided, a position with which I agree as a policy matter. However, there were also strident assertions that this Congressional action was unconstitutional. These arguments variously contended that the Act violated principles of federalism, separation of powers and/or constitutional protections of individual liberties.
This Article considers the claim that the Act violated the structural constitutional principles concerning separation of powers and federalism. I ultimately conclude that it does not. In fact, I assert that understanding why the Act is consistent with the Constitution tells one a great deal about the American constitutional order.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 52
Keywords: Separation of Powers, Federalism, end of life decision-making
JEL Classification: K19, K40
Date posted: March 26, 2006