Underpricing of Ipos that Follow Private Placements
38 Pages Posted: 26 Mar 2006
Date Written: March 2006
This study addresses the question of the effectiveness of private placements in mitigating the information asymmetry problem faced by IPO firms, and their impacts on issuing costs, both underpricing and underwriting spreads, of IPOs. We examine the underpricing of initial public offerings by firms that made private placements prior to their IPOs (PP IPO firms). We find that PP IPOs experience significantly lower underpricing. They also have smaller offer price revisions following the book building process. Furthermore, PP IPOs are associated with more reputable underwriting syndicates and lower underwriting spreads. These findings persist after we control for known factors that impact underpricing in the regression analysis. We conclude that the results are consistent with the information asymmetry explanation for the global phenomenon of IPO underpricing, and lend support to the notion that prior private placements help reduce information asymmetry, thus resulting in lower issuing costs for IPO firms.
Keywords: Underpricing, IPO, Private placement
JEL Classification: G24, D82, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation