Tax Evasion and Business Ethics: A Comparative Study of Guatemala and the USA

56 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2006  

Robert W. McGee

Fayetteville State University - Department of Accounting

Christopher Lingle

Francisco Marroquin University - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 2006

Abstract

In 1944, Martin Crowe, a Catholic priest, wrote a doctoral dissertation titled The Moral Obligation of Paying Just Taxes. His dissertation summarized and analyzed 500 years of theological and philosophical debate on this topic, much of which took place in Latin. Since Crowe's dissertation, not much has been written on the topic of tax evasion from the perspective of business ethics.

The present paper summarizes, updates and expands on Crowe's work. An 18-statement survey was distributed to graduate and upper division undergraduate business and law students at Universidad Francisco Marroquin in Guatemala. This target population was selected because these students will become the future opinion leaders and political leaders of Guatemala. Each statement is graded on a 7-point Likert scale. The responses to each statement were tallied and ranked to determine under which circumstances tax evasion might be considered most or least ethical. The same survey instrument was distributed to business students at Seton Hall University in New Jersey, USA.

The results of the survey reveal that the majority of participants fall into the same category, which is that tax evasion may be ethical under certain circumstances. Comparisons are made between the responses given by business and law students and between male and female students and between the Guatemalan and USA sample populations.

Keywords: tax evasion, evade, ethics, Guatemala, USA, comparative study, public finance

JEL Classification: H26, E62, D6, J16, J1, K34, K42, M14, M4, P35

Suggested Citation

McGee, Robert W. and Lingle, Christopher, Tax Evasion and Business Ethics: A Comparative Study of Guatemala and the USA (March 2006). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=892323 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.892323

Robert W. McGee (Contact Author)

Fayetteville State University - Department of Accounting ( email )

Fayetteville, NC 28301
United States

HOME PAGE: http://robertwmcgee.com

Christopher Lingle

Francisco Marroquin University - Department of Economics

6 calle final, zona 10
Guatemala City, 01010
Guatemala
+502 338 7700 (Phone)
+502 334 6896 (Fax)

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