Inflation Inequality in the United States

31 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2006

See all articles by Bart Hobijn

Bart Hobijn

ASU

David Lagakos

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: October 2003

Abstract

Inflation is often assumed to affect all people in the same way. In practice, differences in spending patterns across households and differences in price increases across goods and services lead to unequal levels of inflation for different households. In this paper, we measure the degree of inequality in inflation across U.S. households for the period 1987-2001.

Our results suggest that the inflation experiences of U.S. households vary significantly. Most of the differences can be traced to changes in the relative prices of education, health care, and gasoline. We find that cost of living increases are generally higher for the elderly, in large part because of their health care expenditures, and that the cost of living for poor households is most sensitive to (the historically large) fluctuations in gasoline prices. To our surprise, we also find that those households that experience high inflation in one year do not generally face high inflation in the next year. That is, we do not find much household-specific persistence in inflation disparities.

Keywords: consumption price inflation, inequality, household inflation rates

JEL Classification: C43, D12, D39

Suggested Citation

Hobijn, Bart and Lagakos, David, Inflation Inequality in the United States (October 2003). FRB Staff Report No. 173. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=892577 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.892577

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David Lagakos

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