Obesity and the Incidence of Chronic Diseases in Spain: A Seemingly Unrelated Probit Approach
Posted: 29 Mar 2006
Western societies can reduce avoidable mortality and morbidity by better understanding the relationship between obesity and chronic disease. This paper examines the empirical association between obesity and the incidence of heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and elevated cholesterol. We analyze a broadly representative Spanish dataset, the 1999 Survey on Disabilities, Impairments and Health Status, using a health production theoretical framework together with a seemingly unrelated probit model approach that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and endogeneity. Its findings provide evidence of a positive and significant, although specification-dependent, association between obesity and the prevalence of all chronic illness examined.
Keywords: Obesity, Health production, Body mass index, Chronic illness, Seemingly unrelated probit
JEL Classification: I12, I18, I19
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