Obesity and the Incidence of Chronic Diseases in Spain: A Seemingly Unrelated Probit Approach

Posted: 29 Mar 2006

See all articles by Joan Costa-Font

Joan Costa-Font

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Joan Gil

University of Barcelona

Abstract

Western societies can reduce avoidable mortality and morbidity by better understanding the relationship between obesity and chronic disease. This paper examines the empirical association between obesity and the incidence of heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and elevated cholesterol. We analyze a broadly representative Spanish dataset, the 1999 Survey on Disabilities, Impairments and Health Status, using a health production theoretical framework together with a seemingly unrelated probit model approach that controls for unobserved heterogeneity and endogeneity. Its findings provide evidence of a positive and significant, although specification-dependent, association between obesity and the prevalence of all chronic illness examined.

Keywords: Obesity, Health production, Body mass index, Chronic illness, Seemingly unrelated probit

JEL Classification: I12, I18, I19

Suggested Citation

Costa-Font, Joan and Gil, Joan, Obesity and the Incidence of Chronic Diseases in Spain: A Seemingly Unrelated Probit Approach. Economics & Human Biology, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 188-214, 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=892869

Joan Costa-Font (Contact Author)

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://joancostaifont.org/

Joan Gil

University of Barcelona ( email )

Department of Economic Theory
Faculty of Economics
Barcelona, Barcelona 08034
Spain

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