Effects of Title Ix and Sports Participation on Girls&Apos; Physical Activity and Weight

37 Pages Posted: 20 Jul 2006 Last revised: 8 Aug 2021

See all articles by Robert Kaestner

Robert Kaestner

University of Chicago; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Xin Xu

University of Illinois at Chicago

Date Written: March 2006

Abstract

In this study, we examined the association between girls%u2019 participation in high school sports and the physical activity, weight, body mass and body composition of adolescent females during the 1970s when girls%u2019 sports participation was dramatically increasing as a result of Title IX. We found that increases in girls%u2019 participation in high school sports, a proxy for expanded athletic opportunities for adolescent females, were associated with an increase in physical activity and an improvement in weight and body mass among girls. In contrast, adolescent boys experienced a decline in physical activity and an increase in weight and body mass during the period when girls%u2019 athletic opportunities were expanding. Taken together, these results strongly suggest that Title IX and the increase in athletic opportunities among adolescent females it engendered had a beneficial effect on the health of adolescent girls.

Suggested Citation

Kaestner, Robert and Kaestner, Robert and Xu, Xin, Effects of Title Ix and Sports Participation on Girls&Apos; Physical Activity and Weight (March 2006). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=893768

Robert Kaestner (Contact Author)

University of Chicago ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

5 Hanover Square 16th floor
New York, NY 10004
United States

Xin Xu

University of Illinois at Chicago ( email )

1200 W Harrison St
Chicago, IL 60607
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
55
Abstract Views
1,558
rank
464,692
PlumX Metrics