The Accrual Anomaly: Risk or Mispricing?
David A. Hirshleifer
University of California, Irvine - Paul Merage School of Business
Ohio State University (OSU) - Department of Finance
Siew Hong Teoh
University of California - Paul Merage School of Business
AFA 2007 Chicago Meetings Paper
We document considerable return comovement associated with accruals after controlling for other common factors. An accrual-based factor-mimicking portfolio has a Sharpe ratio of 0.16, higher than that of the market factor or the SMB and HML factors of Fama and French (1993). According to rational frictionless asset pricing models, the ability of accruals to predict returns should come from the loadings on this accrual factor-mimicking portfolio. However, our tests indicate that it is the accrual characteristic rather than the accrual factor loading that predicts returns. These findings suggest that investors misvalue the accrual characteristic, and cast doubt on the rational risk explanation.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 51
Keywords: Capital markets, accruals, market efficiency, behavioral accounting, behavioral finance, limited attention
JEL Classification: M41, M43, G12, G14
Date posted: March 30, 2006 ; Last revised: March 31, 2010