Dynamic Management of Mutual Fund Advisory Contracts
Doğuş University Journal; V.7-2 (2006) p.172-189
38 Pages Posted: 26 Apr 2006 Last revised: 7 Sep 2013
Date Written: April 20, 2006
The price of professional portfolio management provided by the mutual fund adviser depends not only on the fund characteristics but also on the fund objective, the adviser's portfolio related and management based decisions, and the portfolio performance. We analyze the advisory fee, using a survivorship bias free data set of 176 equity funds managed by 125 different advisers. Advisers benchmark the objective average but this benefit the shareholders only when the objective trend is descending. Advisers tend to reduce the cost of their marginal product through the use of derivatives or manipulate by engaging in soft dollar agreements. We find that the advisers actively manage the advisory fee contracts responding to the outcome of their management decisions. The advisory fee increases after voluntary fee reimbursement or if the adviser is not fully reimbursed for the compensation of independent directors and officers. Risk taking behavior is the main motivation behind the structure of the advisory contracts. Advisers who adopt more linear contracts that would motivate them to take on more risk tend to use derivatives arguably for better risk management and are less likely to engage in research agreements that would require a reduction in the advisory fee.
Keywords: Mutual fund, Advisory fee, Management fee, Contract, Adviser
JEL Classification: G2, G3, L14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation