Peer Effects in European Primary Schools: Evidence from Pirls

52 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2006 Last revised: 11 Sep 2018

See all articles by Andreas Ammermueller

Andreas Ammermueller

Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs

Jörn-Steffen Pischke

London School of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 4 versions of this paper

Date Written: 2006

Abstract

We estimate peer effects for fourth graders in six European countries. The identification relies on variation across classes within schools. We argue that classes within primary schools are formed roughly randomly with respect to family background. Similar to previous studies, we find sizeable estimates of peer effects in standard OLS specifications. The size of the estimate is much reduced within schools. This could be explained either by selection into schools or by measurement error in the peer background variable. When we correct for measurement error we find within school estimates close to the original OLS estimates. Our results suggest that the peer effect is modestly large, measurement error is important in our survey data, and selection plays little role in biasing peer effects estimates. We find no significant evidence of non-linear peer effects.

Keywords: Peer effects, Measurement error, PIRLS

JEL Classification: I21, J24

Suggested Citation

Ammermueller, Andreas and Pischke, Jörn-Steffen (Steve), Peer Effects in European Primary Schools: Evidence from Pirls (2006). ZEW - Centre for European Economic Research Discussion Paper No. 06-027, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=898120 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.898120

Andreas Ammermueller (Contact Author)

Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs ( email )

Berlin, 11017
Germany

Jörn-Steffen (Steve) Pischke

London School of Economics ( email )

Houghton Street
London WC2A 2AE
+44 207 955 6509 (Phone)
+44 207 955 7595 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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