The Role of IMF Support in Crisis Prevention

33 Pages Posted: 26 Apr 2006

See all articles by Uma Ramakrishnan

Uma Ramakrishnan

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Policy Development and Review Department

Juan Zalduendo

World Bank

Date Written: March 2006

Abstract

This paper examines the role of IMF-supported programs in crisis prevention; specifically, whether, conditional on an episode of intense market pressures, IMF financial support helps prevent a capital account crisis from developing and, if so, through what channels. In doing so, the paper distinguishes between the seal of approval inherent in IMF support and its financing, evaluates the interaction of IMF support with economic policies, and assesses whether IMF financing has a different impact on the likelihood of a crisis than other forms of liquidity. The main result is that IMF financing helps prevent crises through the liquidity provided (i.e., money matters). However, since the effect holds even after controlling for (gross) foreign exchange reserves, stronger policies and the seal of approval under an IMF-supported program must also play a role. Finally, the results suggest that IMF financing as a crisis prevention tool is most effective for an intermediate range of economic fundamentals.

Keywords: IMF financing, lender of last resort, capital account crisis, cluster analysis

JEL Classification: F33, F34, N20, O19

Suggested Citation

Ramakrishnan, Uma and Zalduendo, Juan, The Role of IMF Support in Crisis Prevention (March 2006). IMF Working Paper No. 06/75, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=898736

Uma Ramakrishnan (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Policy Development and Review Department ( email )

700 19th St. NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Juan Zalduendo

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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