The Miracle as a Randomization Device: A Lesson from Richard Wagner's Romantic Opera Tannhäuser Und De Sängerkrieg Auf Wartburg

TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2006-006

12 Pages Posted: 2 May 2006

See all articles by Heike Harmgart

Heike Harmgart

University College London

Steffen Huck

University College London - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Wieland Müller

University of Vienna, Department of Economics & VCEE; Tilburg University, Department of Economics & CentER

Date Written: March 2006

Abstract

In this paper we provide textual evidence on the sophistication of medieval deterrence strategies. Drawing on one of the great opera librettos based on medieval sources, Wagner's Tannhäuser, we shall illustrate the use of optimal randomization strategies that can be derived by applying notions of dominance or trembling-hand perfection. Particular attention is paid to the employed randomization device.

Keywords: crime and punishment, sins and absolution, Richard Wagner, Tannhäuser, trembling-hand perfection, optimal randomization

JEL Classification: B11, C72, K14, Z11, Z12

Suggested Citation

Harmgart, Heike and Huck, Steffen and Müller, Wieland, The Miracle as a Randomization Device: A Lesson from Richard Wagner's Romantic Opera Tannhäuser Und De Sängerkrieg Auf Wartburg (March 2006). TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2006-006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=899074 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.899074

Heike Harmgart (Contact Author)

University College London ( email )

Gower Street
London, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

Steffen Huck

University College London - Department of Economics ( email )

Gower Street
London WC1E 6BT, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom
+44 207 679 5895 (Phone)
+44 207 916 2774 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/~uctpshu/

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Wieland Müller

University of Vienna, Department of Economics & VCEE ( email )

Oskar-Morgenstern-Platz 1
Vienna, A-1090
Austria

HOME PAGE: http://https://homepage.univie.ac.at/wieland.mueller/

Tilburg University, Department of Economics & CentER ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/webwijs/show/w.mueller-3.htm

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