The Miracle as a Randomization Device: A Lesson from Richard Wagner's Romantic Opera Tannhäuser Und De Sängerkrieg Auf Wartburg
TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2006-006
12 Pages Posted: 2 May 2006
Date Written: March 2006
In this paper we provide textual evidence on the sophistication of medieval deterrence strategies. Drawing on one of the great opera librettos based on medieval sources, Wagner's Tannhäuser, we shall illustrate the use of optimal randomization strategies that can be derived by applying notions of dominance or trembling-hand perfection. Particular attention is paid to the employed randomization device.
Keywords: crime and punishment, sins and absolution, Richard Wagner, Tannhäuser, trembling-hand perfection, optimal randomization
JEL Classification: B11, C72, K14, Z11, Z12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation