The First Decade of Genetically Engineered Crops in the United States

36 Pages Posted: 8 May 2006

See all articles by Jorge Fernandez-Cornejo

Jorge Fernandez-Cornejo

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Margriet F. Caswell

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Abstract

Ten years after the first generation of genetically engineered (GE) varieties became commercially available, adoption of these varieties by U.S. farmers is widespread for major crops. Driven by farmers' expectations of higher yields, savings in management time, and lower pesticide costs, the adoption of corn, soybean, and cotton GE varieties has increased rapidly. Despite the benefits, however, environmental and consumer concerns may have limited acceptance of GE crops, particularly in Europe. This report focuses on GE crops and their adoption in the United States over the past 10 years. It examines the three major stakeholders of agricultural biotechnology and finds that (1) the pace of R&D activity by producers of GE seed (the seed firms and technology providers) has been rapid, (2) farmers have adopted some GE varieties widely and at a rapid rate and benefited from such adoption, and (3) the level of consumer concerns about foods that contain GE ingredients varies by country, with European consumers being most concerned.

Keywords: genetically engineered crops, agricultural biotechnology, seed industry, research and development, adoption, crop yields, pesticide use, corn, soybeans, cotton

Suggested Citation

Fernandez Cornejo, Jorge and Caswell, Margriet F., The First Decade of Genetically Engineered Crops in the United States. USDA-ERS Economic Information Bulletin 11, April 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=899582

Jorge Fernandez Cornejo (Contact Author)

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
202-694-5537 (Phone)
202-694-5775 (Fax)

Margriet F. Caswell

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States

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