Business Responses to Environmental and Social Protection Policies: Towards a Framework for Analysis

Policy Sciences, Forthcoming

54 Pages Posted: 9 May 2006 Last revised: 14 Jun 2014

See all articles by Jorge E. Rivera

Jorge E. Rivera

George Washington University - School of Business

Jennifer Oetzel

American University

Peter De Leon

University of Colorado at Denver

Mark Starik

George Washington University

Date Written: October 1, 2005

Abstract

This conceptual paper seeks to advance neo-institutional work that has traditionally portrayed environmental and social protection policies as constraints followed by businesses. Drawing from the policy sciences literature, we propose that in the United States businesses tend to show increasing resistance as the protective policy process moves from initiation to selection and growing cooperation thereafter. Most importantly, we also contribute to the neo-institutional theory literature by positing that this inverted U-shaped policy process-business response relationship proposed for the U.S. context may be moderated by variations in the: level of democracy, system of interest representation, regulatory approach, and national income.

Keywords: Institutional theory, corporate social and environmental responsibility, public policy process, and developing countries

JEL Classification: M14, N5, Q28, K32

Suggested Citation

Rivera, Jorge E. and Oetzel, Jennifer and De Leon, Peter and Starik, Mark, Business Responses to Environmental and Social Protection Policies: Towards a Framework for Analysis (October 1, 2005). Policy Sciences, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=900131 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.900131

Jorge E. Rivera (Contact Author)

George Washington University - School of Business ( email )

Washington, DC 20052
United States

Jennifer Oetzel

American University ( email )

4400 Massachusetts Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20816-8044
United States

Peter De Leon

University of Colorado at Denver ( email )

Box 173364
1250 14th Street
Denver, CO 80217
United States

Mark Starik

George Washington University ( email )

2121 I Street NW
Washington, DC 20052
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
154
Abstract Views
1,617
rank
219,064
PlumX Metrics