The Effectiveness of University Technology Transfer: Lessons Learned, Managerial and Policy Implications, and the Road Forward
68 Pages Posted: 11 May 2006
Date Written: April 28, 2006
In recent years, there have been numerous studies of the effectiveness of university technology transfer. Such technology transfer mechanisms include licensing agreements between the university and private firms, science parks, incubators, and university-based startups. We review and synthesize these papers and present some pointed recommendations on how to enhance effectiveness. Implementation of these recommendations will depend on the mechanisms that universities choose to stress, based on their technology transfer "strategy." For example, institutions that emphasize the entrepreneurial dimension of technology transfer must address skill deficiencies in technology transfer offices, reward systems that are inconsistent with enhanced entrepreneurial activity and the lack of training for faculty members, post-docs, and graduate students in starting new ventures or interacting with entrepreneurs. Universities will also have to confront a set of issues related to ethics and social responsibility, as they more aggressively pursue technology commercialization. Finally, we suggest some possible theoretical frameworks for additional research.
Keywords: University technology transfer, entrepreneurship, technology transfer offices, science parks
JEL Classification: M13, D24, L31, O31, O32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation