Migration and Rural Poverty in China

Posted: 17 May 2006

See all articles by Yang Du

Yang Du

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Albert Park

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - The William Davidson Institute; Harvard University - Fairbank Center for East Asian Research

Sangui Wang

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) - Institute of Agricultural Economics

Abstract

We analyze two complementary household datasets from China's poor areas to examine whether the poor migrate and whether migration helps the poor. We find an inverted-U-shaped relationship between household endowments and the likelihood of migration. Over time, the poor are more likely to migrate. Using household panel data and taking prior village migration networks as an instrument, we find that having a migrant increases a household's income per capita by 8.5 to 13.1 percent, but that the overall impact on poverty is modest because most poor people do not migrate. Migrants remit a large share of their income and the amount of these remittances is responsive somewhat to the needs of other family members.

Keywords: migration, poverty, labor, remittances, China

JEL Classification: I32, J61, O15, O53

Suggested Citation

Du, Yang and Park, Albert Francis and Wang, Sangui, Migration and Rural Poverty in China. Journal of Comparative Economics, Vol. 33, pp. 688-709, December 2005, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=901939

Yang Du

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Albert Francis Park (Contact Author)

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - The William Davidson Institute ( email )

724 E. University Ave.
Wyly Hall
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1234
United States

Harvard University - Fairbank Center for East Asian Research

1737 Cambridge Street
Coolidge Hall 308
Cambridge, MA 02138

Sangui Wang

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) - Institute of Agricultural Economics ( email )

No. 30 Baishi QialLu
HaiDian District, Beijing, 1000
China

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