Do Termination Provisions Truncate the Takeover Bidding Process?
45 Pages Posted: 17 May 2006
We provide new evidence on termination provisions and the takeover bidding process. Our central contribution is a novel database from SEC documents that accurately measures the incidence of termination provisions and the depth of competition in takeover deals. We show that biased data in prior research produced incorrect conclusions on the relation between termination provisions and judicial decisions, bidder toeholds and deal size. Our comprehensive data also show that termination provisions are positively related to takeover competition. Our evidence is consistent with the information/commitment hypothesis in which termination provisions do not truncate bidding but instead culminate the takeover process.
Keywords: Takeover auctions, termination fees, stock option agreements, shareholder voting agreements
JEL Classification: G34, K22, D44
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation