IPO Placement Risk and the Number of Co-Managers
Posted: 18 May 2006
Previous studies show that co-managers mainly affect IPO aftermarket activities. We investigate the role of co-managers in IPO premarket activities. We argue that co-managers help reduce IPO placement risk and hypothesize that IPO issuers hire more co-managers when placement risk is higher. We find the number of co-managers is positively associated with three proxies for placement risk. IPOs with more price uncertainty and high-tech IPOs hire more co-managers, while IPOs in regulated industries hire fewer co-managers. We also find larger IPOs, recent IPOs, and IPOs with more reputable lead underwriters hire more co-managers.
Keywords: initial public offering, placement risk, co-manager, underwriter, pre-market, book building
JEL Classification: G24, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation