Social Ties within School Classes: The Roles of Gender, Ethnicity, and Having Older Siblings

Posted: 29 Feb 2008

See all articles by Peter Kooreman

Peter Kooreman

Tilburg University - Center and Faculty of Economics and Business Administration; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Adriaan R. Soetevent

University of Groningen; Tinbergen Institute

Abstract

In this paper we identify the lines along which social ties between high-school teenagers are primarily formed. To this end, we introduce interaction weights between pupils in the same school class that are a function of exogenous individual background characteristics, such as gender, ethnicity, and having older siblings. The resulting model with endogenous interactions and school-specific fixed effects is estimated using data from the Dutch National School Youth Survey (NSYS), a survey in which, in principle, all pupils in a sampled class are interviewed. By combining the 1992, 1996, 1999, and 2001 NSYS data, we are able to identify trends in social relationships of teenagers. We find that the roles that gender and ethnicity play in how teenagers interact varies strongly across different types of behaviour. For example, `going out` shows strong within-ethnicity interactions, while expenditures on cell phones and on clothing exhibit mainly between-girls interactions. Having older siblings has a minor effect on within-school-class social interactions. There is weak evidence of decreased ethnic segregation within school classes during the decade considered.

Keywords: human, mouse, spermatogonia, testicular tissue, xenograft

Suggested Citation

Kooreman, Peter and Soetevent, Adriaan R., Social Ties within School Classes: The Roles of Gender, Ethnicity, and Having Older Siblings. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Vol. 21, Issue 3, pp. 373-391, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=906408

Peter Kooreman

Tilburg University - Center and Faculty of Economics and Business Administration ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.peterkooreman.nl

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Adriaan R. Soetevent (Contact Author)

University of Groningen ( email )

P.O. Box 800
9700 AV Groningen
Netherlands
++ 31 50 363 7018 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.soetevent.com

Tinbergen Institute

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

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